The philosophy regarding surrogate motherhood and egg donation 代孕捐卵 is conflicting, though they share the same target that is universal. The legal restrictions and permissions concerning reproductive health through the most modern infertility treatment differ from county to country.
Whatever the opposed ideology is, being these kinds of mothers and donors are their choice, who prefer the happiness of wellbeing of somebody else than of their own.
Legality and Restriction
The process of donating ovum is legal in most of the countries of the world, although its availability varies from place to place due to individual administrative rules and regulations. On the other hand, surrogacy is legally allowed in several countries only because of religious, cultural, and legal restrictions. Some of the countries that allow the process of donating ovum can provide this treatment without any condition whereas the others impose various restrictions practically.
Surrogacy Allowed & Regulated and Donating Ovum Allowed
Surrogacy is allowed and regulated in Armenia, Belarus, Greece, Israel, Kazakhstan, and Sweden. Donating ovum is allowed in Armenia, Austria, Belgium, Belarus, Colombia, Czech Republic, Cyprus, Finland, Georgia, Greece, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Ireland, Kazakhstan, Italy, Mexico, Netherlands, Panama, Portugal, Russia, Serbia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Thailand, Ukraine, UK, US, and Vietnam.
Altruistic surrogacy is allowed in Armenia, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, Hong Kong, Hungary, Netherlands, New Zealand, Portugal, UK, and Vietnam. Donating ovum altruistically is allowed in Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, France, and New Zealand.
Illegal and No Legislation
All surrogacy is illegal in Austria, China, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Norway, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Spain, and Switzerland. Donating ovum is illegal in China, Germany, Norway, Saudi Arabia, and Switzerland. There are no vivid rules or legislation about surrogacy in Colombia, Czech Republic, Panama, and Sweden. On the other hand, only in Pakistan, there is no legislation about donating ovum.
Conflicting Philosophy about Gestational Carriers
In some countries, the intended parents and the gestational carrier have to be of the same religion to start the journey. The marital status of the intended parents is also a condition in some places. Even in some countries, surrogate motherhood is exploited if the gestational carriers are found economically weak. The legal debate has been started to smooth the way of starting and continuing the carrier of the gestational carriers.
Conflicting Philosophy about Donating Ovum
The financial compensation of egg donation is restricted in some countries, whereas altruistic ovum donors play roles in reducing the philosophy of the insulting process of managing ovum principally for financial gain. Sexual orientation, marital status, religious viewpoints, and permanent residency of the ovum donors are also behind the restricted situation in some places around the world.
The ethics, targets, inspirations, and expectations of both parties related to this process of the family building largely originate from their conscious, subconscious, and unconscious thoughts that vary according to various social contexts though not conditioned by any individual political philosophy. The conflict has so far been inevitable and universal from its very beginning that has left us all to wait to observe how human civilization prefers the target to conflict everywhere.