The celebrations in Galveston, Texas, started with the freeing of those who had been held as slaves.
“Juneteenth” is a day that commemorates the abolition of slavery in the United States of America. The previous year, the government of the United States of America made it official for residents to celebrate “Juneteenth,” which is also known as “Juneteenth Day.”
By signing a measure into law that had already been approved by both chambers of Congress, the President of the United States, Joe Biden, established Juneteenth National Independence Day as a day off for federal employees and federal employees.
There were only 14 Republicans in the House of Representatives who voted against the proposal, and the vast majority of those Republicans represented states that were formerly a part of the slave-holding Confederacy. Even though the bill was approved by the Senate with an extremely large majority of votes, this result has been achieved.
Why do we celebrate this day as a national holiday, and what are those reasons? What kind of ideas do you have?
What is the history of Juneteenth?
The emancipation of the slaves in Galveston, Texas, marked the beginning of the festivities. The year 1863 saw the proclamation of emancipation, but it was not possible to put the law into effect until the conclusion of the Civil War due to a lack of financial support and other resources.
According to Laura Smalley, who had been a slave on a plantation in Bellville, Texas, before she was freed, her former master had gone to fight in the Civil War and then came home without telling his slaves what had happened.
Smalley made a statement on the situation at the time, saying, “Old master didn’t inform, you know, they were free.” After a period of half a year, I suppose they are now claiming to have worked them. It will take a total of half a year. They will be released back into the wild on the 19th of June. That is the reason we remember it in this way.”
In the year 1865, General Gordon Granger and his army arrived in Galveston, bearing with them the news that slavery had been abolished. Approximately two months previously, in the state of Virginia, Union General Ulysses S. Grant had captured Confederate General Robert E. Lee, who was then turned over to Grant.
Granger announced General Order No. 3, which read as follows: “The people of Texas are told that, in line with a proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. ” In this new system, there will be no distinction made between former slaves and their masters in terms of either personal rights or ownership; instead, the relationship between them will be that of an employer and an employee.
After that, residents of Galveston who had recently attained their freedom started celebrating Juneteenth. Since that time, this festival has been commemorated by people throughout the country and the world. As part of the celebrations, events like concerts and parades, as well as readings from the Emancipation Proclamation, will take place.
Why is it known as Juneteenth?
The words “June” and “19th Century” are what give the holiday its name, hence the holiday is also called “Juneteenth.” There are a few alternate titles for this holiday, including Juneteenth Independence Day and Freedom Day.
When was Juneteenth designated as a federal holiday?
The Juneteenth National Independence Day Act was officially signed into law on June 17, 2021, which was just two days before the Juneteenth holiday.
As with Flag Day, Juneteenth has long been acknowledged as a holiday or day of commemoration in the vast majority of states, and the majority of these states hold events to mark the occasion. Since its inception, Juneteenth has been recognized as a paid holiday for state workers in the states of Texas, New York, Virginia, and Washington. Additionally, hundreds of private companies offer their employees the day off on Juneteenth.
When is Juneteenth in 2022, and will government employees be given time off?
Because the 19th of June occurs on a Sunday this year, workers in both the public and private sectors will be given the day off on the following Monday, June 20, to participate in the celebrations.
How do you commemorate Juneteenth?
The earliest celebrations consisted of things like church picnics, get-togethers with family and friends, and political speeches.
In place of these more antiquated practices, many larger cities continue to host community events such as parades and festivals.
Why was Juneteenth designated as a federal holiday?
Since Martin Luther King Jr. Day was established in 1983 as a result of the nation’s battle with race, the first new federal holiday since then has been Juneteenth, which celebrates the end of slavery in the United States.
Edward Markey, a Democrat from Massachusetts, was the one who initially proposed the legislation, and it quickly gained 60 sponsors. Following the death of George Floyd at the hands of police in Minnesota the previous year, officials were compelled to collaborate across party lines to pass legislation.
The organizers of Juneteenth have made it a top priority to ensure that festivalgoers do not misunderstand the occasion and fail to appreciate its deeper significance.
Even though the country had been freed from British authority in 1776, “the people were not all free,” as Dee Evans, the national director of communications for the National Juneteenth Observance Foundation, put it, “the people were not all free.” On June 19, 1865, the people as well as the nation as a whole were legitimately released.
There is a great desire to use the day to memorialize the sacrifices that have been made for freedom in the United States, and this desire exists even in these politically heated times. According to the museum site coordinator of Austin’s George Washington Carver Museum, Para LaNell Agboga, it doesn’t take much for things to get worse and move in the wrong direction. She stated that our rights and liberties are in jeopardy.