A worried young white man looks at himself in the mirror and inspects his premature receding hairline. Attractive Caucasian male adult in his 20s concerned about losing hair. Male pattern baldness

Alopecia Areata Symptoms to Look Out For

Alopecia areata is one of those conditions that’s still a bit mysterious. Since hair loss is associated with various illnesses, your physician has to make an assessment of whether or not it’s actually caused by alopecia. Sometimes, alopecia isn’t easily diagnosed.

With that said, are you experiencing a loss of hair? If you are, take a look at these alopecia areata symptoms to better understand the condition and learn how it’s diagnosed.

What Causes Alopecia Areata?

Many factors contribute to the development of alopecia areata. It’s an autoimmune disease in which your immune system thinks that the normal cells in your body are foreign. Therefore, they attack those cells.

Unfortunately, medical experts don’t know what triggers this type of attack within the immune system. They’re not sure if the attack on hair follicles starts within the body via viruses and bacteria, or on the outside of the body due to surroundings.

Alopecia Areata Symptoms

There are various types of alopecia that individuals suffer from. Here are the most common symptoms that follow each condition:

  • Alopecia totalis: This condition consists of complete loss of hair on the scalp.
  • Alopecia areata patchy: This is the most common type of alopecia, and it creates coin-sized hairless patches on the scalp in various parts of the body.
  • Alopecia universalis: Individuals with this type of alopecia experience complete hair loss on the face, scalp, and body.

At the present moment, there is no cure for alopecia areata. But thankfully, even when the disease is in full effect, the hair follicles stay alive. That means that patients who have alopecia can get their hair back, even after a long period of time.

Diagnosing Alopecia Areata

Physicians diagnose alopecia areata by examining the extent of hair loss and reviewing hair samples under a microscope. If you believe that you might have alopecia, your doctor will run a scalp biopsy to rule out other conditions that also cause hair loss.

Fungal infection such as tinea capititis also leads to hair loss. All forms of hair loss aren’t related to alopecia. During the biopsy, the doctor will remove a piece of skin from the scalp for analysis. Since alopecia is an autoimmune disease, a blood test may also be performed. Blood tests are the best way to diagnose an autoimmune condition.

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Recognizing Alopecia Areata Symptoms

Alopecia areata symptoms are pretty straightforward, but they’re not always unique to the condition. If you are experiencing hair loss, you may not know what’s causing it. In that case, it’s in your best interest to contact your physician as soon as possible.

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Scalp micropigmentation is a procedure that involves the use of a tattoo gun to inject ink into the scalp. The ink is then deposited in the hair follicles to create a natural-looking hairline.