Medical doctor drawing gum disease on the virtual screen.

3 Common Types of Gum Disease, Explained

How healthy are your gums? If you’re over the age of 30, then they might not be as healthy as you think. The CDC claims that almost half (46%) of adults over 30 show signs of gum disease.

The good news, though, is that only about 9% of adults have severe, chronic gum disease issues.

If you’re hoping to remain in good health, then it’s wise to get informed about the types of gum disease out there. That way, you can take steps to improve your health and avoid dealing with a chronic gum issue in the future.

Read on to learn more about three stages of gum disease and how to treat it.

1. Gingivitis

If you’ve ever wondered — ‘what is gum disease?’, then you likely heard the term ‘gingivitis’.

Gingivitis is the very first stage of gum disease. It’s also among the most common types of gum disease that Americans suffer from. Gingivitis happens when plaque goes unchecked. It starts surrounding your teeth and gums, causing inflammation and pain.

Over time, this wears away your tooth’s enamel. It also breaks down your gums. The good news is that treating gum disease at the level of gingivitis is simple!

Start by getting professional dental services. Then, put a good oral hygiene routine into place. If you do these things, you can reverse this form of gum disease.

2. Periodontitis

If you notice early symptoms of gum disease but forgo treatment, things won’t get better. That no-good plaque will eventually spread below your gum line. If that happens, it can cause a serious gum infection in the form of periodontitis.

This infection can impact the bones that support your teeth. This can lead to loose teeth and even tooth loss.

Gum disease treatment at this stage is more advanced. A dentist will need to scale your gums, which will clean away that hard plaque. You may need antibiotics to help with the infection.

If the damage is severe, then you may need surgery or a bone graft.

3. Chronic Periodontitis

Failure to treat this advanced gum disease infection could cause chronic inflammation. At this stage, you may start to experience bleeding gums and tooth loss.

Things may go from mild to severe very fast.

Depending on the severity of the infection, you’ll likely need surgery and antibiotics. The longer you delay treatment, the worse your situation will get.

Treat These Types of Gum Disease to Improve Your Health

These types of gum disease are all more common than you’d think. Your risk of developing gum disease increases with age. On top of that, the modern-day diet isn’t doing your gums any favors, either.

The good news is that you have options when it comes to treating gum disease. Sometimes, putting good oral hygiene habits into place is enough. At other times, surgery can help you find relief.

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